Glimpses of the Past Summary Class 8

Glimpses of the Past Notes Class 8

Name of the Writer –



The chapter delves into the historical events and circumstances that unfolded in India between 1757 and 1857. It commences with the era when the East India Company wielded significant power within the country. During this time, Indian princes and states were engaged in frequent conflicts, often seeking British assistance. Capitalizing on this situation, the British took advantage to expand their influence and establish dominion over India. Furthermore, the societal conditions prevailing during this period were far from ideal. Social maladies like child marriages, untouchability, and the practice of sati were deeply ingrained in the fabric of society. Additionally, burdensome taxes weighed heavily on the shoulders of farmers.

Raja Ram Mohan Roy played a pivotal role in driving social reforms, striving to uplift society from these regressive practices. The British, on the other hand, enacted several resolutions aimed at undermining Indian industries, which resulted in detrimental consequences for the country. One notable instance was Lord Macaulay’s proposal, which mandated English as the sole medium of education.

The British intended to train a class of clerks proficient in English to assist them in administration. By 1856, India had become a full-fledged British colony.

However, the tides began to turn with the outbreak of the revolt in 1857, shaking the foundations of British rule. The Indians rose up in rebellion and fought tirelessly for their freedom until they finally achieved it in 1947.


In conclusion, the chapter sheds light on the significant events and circumstances that shaped India between 1757 and 1857. It highlights the British exploitation of internal conflicts, the prevalence of social evils, and the economic struggles faced by the Indian people.

However, it also emphasizes the efforts of reformers like Raja Ram Mohan Roy and the resilience of the Indian population in their fight for freedom. The period marked a turning point in Indian history, paving the way for a relentless pursuit of independence that ultimately bore fruit in 1947.

More Articles

Leave a Reply